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List of string instruments

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This is a list of stringed instruments categorized according to the technique used to produce sound, followed by a list of stringed instruments grouped by country or region of origin.

 

    Ajaeng (Korea)

    Anzad

    Arpeggione

    Banhu (China)

    Baritone Violin

    Baryton

    Bazantar (United States)

    Bowed psaltery (USA)

    Cello

        Electric Cello

    Cizhonghu (China)

    Crwth

    Dahu

    Đàn gáo (Vietnam)

    Diyingehu (China)

    Double bass

        Electric Double Bass

    Erhu (China)

    Erxian (China)

    Esraj (India)

    Fiddle

    Gadulka (Bulgaria)

    Gaohu (China)

    Gehu (China)

    Ghaychak (Iran)

    Goje (Mali)

    Gudok (Russia)

    Gunjac (Croatia)

 

                       

 

    Gusle

    Haegeum (Korea)

    Harp

    Hardanger fiddle (Norway)

    Huluhu (China)

    Huqin (China)

    Igil (Tuva)

    Jinghu (China)

    Jouhikko (Finland)

    Kamancheh (Iran)

    Kemenche (Turkey)

    Kobyz (Kazakhstan)

    Kokyū (Japan)

    K’ni Vietnam

    Laruan (China)

    Leiqin (China)

    Lirone

    Maguhu (China)

    Masenqo (Ethiopia)

    Morin khuur (Mongolia)

    Nyckelharpa (Sweden)

    Octobass

    Psalmodikon

    Psaltry

    Ravanahatha

    Rebab

    Rebec

    Sarangi (Nepal, Pakistan and India)

    Sarinda (India)

 

                       

 

    Saw sam sai (Thailand)

    Sihu (China)

    Tenor Violin

    Terz Violin

    Tro (Cambodia)

    Trumpet marine or tromba marina

    Veena (India)

    Vielle

    Viol (viola da gamba)

    Lyra viol

        Violone

        Division viol

        Viola bastarda

    Viola

        Electric Viola

    Viola d’amore

    Viola pomposa

    Violin

        Electric violin

        Kit violin (Dancing master violin)

        Stroh violin

        Violin octet instruments

            Vertical viola

    Violotta

    Yaylı tanbur (Turkey)

    Yazheng (China)

    Yehu (China)

    Zhonghu (China)

    Zhuihu (China)

 

Plucked instruments

 

    Appalachian dulcimer (United States)

    Auto-harp (United States)

 

    Bağlama (Turkey)

    Bajo quinto and Bajo sexto (Mexico)

    Balalaika (Russia)

        Prima Balalaika

        Secunda Balalaika

        Alto Balalaika

        Tenor Balalaika

        Bass Balalaika

        Contrabass Balalaika

    Bandura (Ukraine)

    Bandurria (Spain)

    Banjo (United States)

        Banjo Cello

        Bass Banjo

        Bluegrass Banjo

        Electric Banjo

        Fretless Banjo

        Plectrum Banjo

        Long Neck Banjo

        Tenor Banjo

        Contrabass Banjo

        Banjelele

        Banjolin

        Guitanjo

    Barbat (Iran)

    Bass Guitar

        Electric Bass guitar

    Begena (Ethiopia)

    Bordonua (Puerto Rico)

    Bouzouki (Greece)

        Trichorda

        Tetrachorda

    Brac

    Braguinha

    Bugarija (Croatia)

    Buzuq (Lebanon)

 

    Cak

    Cavaquinho (Portugal and Brazil)

    Çeng (Turkey)

    Cetera

    Chapey

    Charango (Bolivia)

        Hulayacho

        Ronroco

        Charagón

        Chillador

        Hatun Charango

        Ranka Charango

    Chitarra battente (Italy)

    Chitarrone (Mexico)

    Chonguri

    Çiftelia

    Cittern (Britain)

    Cuatro Antiguo

    Cuatro Cubano

    Cuatro (Puerto Rico)

    Cuatro (Venezuela)

    Cuk

    Cümbüş (Turkey)

        Tamburo Cümbüş

    Cura

 

    Đàn bầu (Vietnam)

    Đàn đáy

    Đàn nguyệt (Vietnam)

    Đàn tranh (Vietnam)

    Đàn tỳ bà (Vietnam)

    Diddley bow (United States)

    Dombra (Eastern Europe and Central Asia)

    Domra (Russia)

    Doshpuluur (Tuva)

    Dotar

    Dotara

    Double bass

    Dutar (Persia)

    Duxianqin (China)

 

    Ektara (India)

    Epinette Des Vosges

 

    Gabusi

    Gayageum (Korea)

    Geomungo (Korea)

    Geyerleier

    Gottuvadhyam (India)

    Gravikord

    Guitar (Spain)

        Alto guitar

        Baritone Guitar

 

                       

 

        Bass guitar

        Cigar box guitar

        Eight-string guitar

        Electric guitar

        Flamenco guitar

        Harp guitar

        Nine-string guitar

        Octave guitar

        Resonator guitar (a.k.a. dobro)

        Seven-string guitar

        Tailed bridge guitar

        Tenor guitar

        Ten-string guitar

        Twelve-string guitar

        Guitalele

        Banjitar

    Guitarron argentino (Argentina)

    Guitarrón mexicano (Mexico)

    Guitarrón chileno (Chile)

    Guqin (China)

    Gusli (Russia)

    Guzheng (China)

 

    Harp

        Chromatic Harp

        Electric harp

        Folk harp

        Pedal Harp (aka Concert Harp)

    Harpsichord (Europe, keyboard instrument)

    Huapanguera

    Huobosi

 

    Ichigenkin

    Irish bouzouki (Ireland) (Octave Mandolin)

 

    Jarana huasteca

    Jarana jarocha

        Jarana jarocha requinto

    Jarana Leona

 

    Kabosy

    Kacapi (Indonesia)

    Kantele (Finland)

    Kanun (Middle East, Persia)

    Khonkhota

    Koboz (Hungary)

    Kobza (Ukraine)

    Konghou (China)

    Kontigi (Nigeria)

    Kormuz (Kyrgyzstan)

    Kora (West Africa)

    Koto (Japan)

    Krar (Eritrea)

    Kutiyapi (Philippines)

    Kwitra (Algeria)

 

    Langeleik (Norway)

    Laouto (Greece)

    Laúd(Cuba)

    Laúd(Spain)

    Lili’u (Hawaii)

    Liuqin (China)

    Liuto cantabile (Naples)

    Luc huyen cam (Vietnam)

    Lute (Europe)

        Archlute

        Theorbo

    Lyra (Crete)

    Lyre (Greece)

 

    Mandolin (Italy)

        Piccolo mandolin

        Mandola (“Tenor Mandola”, in the UK)

        Octave mandolin (“Irish Bouzouki”)

        Mandocello

        Mando-bass

            Tremolo Bass

    Mandolinetto (Canada)

    Mandriola

    Mejorana (Panama)

    Mohan veena

    Monochord

    Musical bow

 

    Nevoud (Turkey)

    Nigenkin (Japan)

    Nyatiti (Kenya)

 

    Octavina (Philippenes)

    Octofone (USA)

    Oud (Middle East, Greece)

 

    Pandura

    Paul Panhuysen’s string installations

    Pedal Steel Guitar (USA)

 

                       

 

    Pipa (China)

    Portuguese guitar (Portugal)

    Psaltery

 

    Qanún/kanun (Middle East, Persia)

    Qinqin (China)

 

    Ruan (China)

    Requinto

    Ronroco (Bolivia)

    Russian Guitar

    Rote

    Rubab

    Rudra veena (India)

 

    Sallaneh (Iran)

    Sanshin (China)

    Sanxian (China)

    Sarangi (Nepal)

    Saraswati veena (India)

    Šargija (Albania)

    Sarod (India)

    Sasando (Indonesia)

    Saung (Burma)

    Saz (Turkey)

    Setar (Iran)

    Shamisen (Japan)

    Sitar (India, Pakistan)

        Surbahar

    Strumstick (USA)

 

    Tahitian Ukkulele (Tahiti)

    Tambura (Bulgaria)

    Tambura (India)

    Tamburitza (Pannonian plain)

    Tanbur

    Tarica (Europe)

    Tar (lute)

    Tea chest bass

    Timple (Canary Islands)

    Tiple (North and South America)

        American Tiple

        Tiple Colombiano

        Tiple Colombiano Requinto

        Puerto Rican Tiple

    Torban (Ukraine)

    Tres (Cuba)

        Cuban Tres (Cuba)

        Puerto Rican Tres (Puerto Rico)

    Tricordia (Mexico)

    Tzouras (Greece)

 

    Ukulele (Hawaii)

        Banjolele

        Baritone Ukulele

        Bass Ukulele

        Concert Ukulele

        Taropatch (aka Lili’u)

        Tenor Ukulele

 

    Valiha (Madagascar)

    Veena (India)

    Vichitra veena (India)

    Vihuela (Mexico)

    Vihuela (Spain)

    Viola Amarantina (Portugal)

    Viola Beiroa (Portugal)

    Viola Braguesa (Portugal)

    Viola caipira (Brazil)

    Viola Campanica (Portugal)

    Viola da Terra (Azores)

    Viola de Arame (Portugal)

    Viola de Cocho (Mato Grosso)

    Viola de Sete Cordas (Brazil)

    Viola Sertaneja (Brazil)

    Viola Terceira (Azores)

    Viola Toeira (Portugal)

 

    Walaycho (Andes)

    Waldzither (Germany)

 

    Xenorphica (Austria) (Keyboard Instrument)

 

    Yueqin (China)

 

    Zheng (China)

    Zhongruan (China)

    Zhu (China)

    Zither

        Alpine Zither (Central Europe)

        Concert Zither (USA)

        Guitar Zither

 

 

Struck instruments

 

    Appalachian dulcimer (United States)

    Berimbau (Brazil)

    Cimbalom (Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Romania)

    Chapman stick (USA)

        Chapman Stick

        Grand Stick

        Bass Stick

    Chitarra battente, aka “knocking guitar” (Italy)

    Clavichord (keyboard instrument)

    Clavinet (electric keyboard instrument)

    Đàn tam thập lục (Vietnam)

    Hammered dulcimer

    Khim (Thailand and Cambodia)

    Piano (Keyboard instrument)

    Santur/Santoor (Persia, India, Pakistan, Greece)

    Tsymbaly (Ukraine)

    Warr guitar

    Yanggeum (Korea)

    Yangqin (China)

 

Instruments played in another way

 

    Aeolian harp (air movement)

    Hurdy gurdy (rotating wheel, similar in effect to a bow)

    Ellen Fullman’s Long String Instrument, rubbed, the strings vibrate in the longitudinal mode

 

Instruments with keyboards (keyboard action used to strike, pluck, or bow strings)

 

    Clavichord (keyboard instrument)

    Clavinet (keyboard instrument)

    Harpsichord (Europe, keyboard instrument)

    Hurdy gurdy (rotating wheel, similar in effect to a bow)

    Piano (Keyboard instrument)

    Xenorphica (Austria) (Keyboard Instrument)

       

               

 

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